What is retirement? It is a combination of enjoying later years, good health care and good finances. There are some challenges that may arise and you need to control them or at least be prepared to control them, according to MD Magazine in “Four Big Retirement Threats and How to Protect Yourself.”
Among the potential threats:
Threat One: Premature death of a spouse and loss of Social Security or pension income. The loss of one Social Security check can have a significant impact on the household’s income. This is also true with the loss of a private pension. Both spouses need to be aware of how their retirement income will be generated and what will happen, when one spouse passes away.
Life insurance can be used to make up for the lost income. If you are young enough, buy term insurance. If you are older, consider cash-value policies, like whole life. Make sure that both spouses are familiar with household finances. Put together a list of your checking, savings, investment and credit card accounts.
Threat Two: Healthcare Costs. Medicare simply does not cover everything. Even a Medicare Advantage plan doesn’t cover everything. That includes long-term care, dentistry, vision care, hearing aids, eyeglasses or private nursing. There’s a “donut hole” in prescription coverage, so if you need pricy drugs you’ll need to budget at least $5,000 annually. If you underestimate the cost of healthcare, you could go through your medical budget fast.
One solution is making the most of a Health Savings Account (HSA). You can save for future medical expenses and get a tax deduction for contributions. Even better—there’s no income tax on withdrawals for qualified medical expenses. Check with your employer, since HSAs are usually part of an employee benefits plan. You need a high-deductible heath plan and can’t be on Medicare to qualify for an HSA.
Threat Number Three: Inflation According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, inflation has averaged about 4% annually over the last 50 years. In 20 years, today’s $1 will be worth only 46 cents. Make sure your investment portfolio is diversified. Remember that your retirement could last several decades, so it may not be wise to abandon equities during retirement.
Threat Number Four: Outliving Your Savings. This sounds like a good problem, but it is still a problem. The longer you live, the longer you are expected to live. According to the IRS life expectancy tables, a 30-year-old can expect to live to age 83. However, if you are 65 years old now, you can expect to live until age 86. The solution is to do periodic planning to make sure your retirement accounts and investments are keeping up with your living expenses. Give yourself a cushion, in case you live far past your expectations.
An estate planning attorney can advise you in creating an estate plan that fits your unique circumstances and will most likely include planning for a strong retirement.
Reference: MD Magazine (Aug. 2, 2018) “Four Big Retirement Threats and How to Protect Yourself”